In the Senate, the text of the government has been changed by the right. Thus, the reality of professional integration, by sector, is now one of the criteria determining the number of places in a license.
Condition the access of graduates to the numbers of professional insertion. It would be a real revolution in the academic world, this temple of knowledge. This was the purpose of Senator Jacques Grosperrin’s amendment to the government bill on the university. Constrained by time, the Minister of Higher Education dropped the ballast on the right, the majority in the Senate, by incorporating the spirit of this amendment into the bill “orientation and student success”, which she has been wearing for almost four months. The joint committee (CMP), made of deputies and senators of all kinds, reached a compromise agreement on 13 February. This made it possible to avoid a new detour by the Assembly, which would have delayed the vote of the law, even though the new orientation platform “Parcoursup” – which replaced APB – has been working since January … The text, which profoundly changes the conditions of access to university, was finally adopted Thursday.
“When the number of applications exceeds the capacity of a training,” the university will select its future students, provides the new law. How are these reception capacities established? They are fixed by the rector, in liaison with the training managers. What are the criteria taken into account? Until then rather vague and variable from one institution to another, they relied more on the material capacity of a university to accommodate students. In Staps, a very popular sector in which the draw took place last year, sports equipment must be at the rendezvous. In medicine, another saturated sector, already crowded amphis can not make room for infinity.
As part of the law passed, these capacities will now be determined according to “the prospects of professional integration of training courses, the evolution of training projects expressed by candidates and the training and research project of the institution “. A victory, according to Jacques Grosperrin, himself a professor in Staps at the University of Besançon. “We kicked the door!” Welcomes the senator, who intends to put an end to the “human waste and hypocrisy of certain sectors”. “In psycho, we know very well that we welcome too many students, given the opportunities. As for certain sectors, they are maintained only to stabilize teaching positions! ” He rebels.
A conservatory role
The law provides for the setting up of an “observatory of professional integration in each university”, responsible for supporting students towards employment and providing annual data. Nothing new under the sun, according to Olivier Vial, president of UNI, student union ranked right. “Since 1986, universities have been required to publish this data. And they do not do it … “, he observes in old road of higher education. “The debate in the Senate should have gone on in the House. The vote of the law puts everyone in front of the fait accompli, ” he regrets.
On the left, there is still concern about the impact of such an amendment on the limitation of student flows. And we put forward a certain vision of the university. “It acquires knowledge and skills that can be used in a variety of trades, says Hervé Christofol, the teachers union Snesup. Beyond the professional aspect, the university plays a conservatory role in the culture of the country, “he adds, referring to Latin, anthropology or ethnology.
On the government side, the compromise is not stirring. “The wording of the article will not change much in the spirit of the law,” it is estimated, pragmatic, in the entourage of the minister, Frédérique Vidal. Which, to reassure the student unions, said on Thursday that it was “out of the question” to “reduce the capacity of reception”.
Parcoursup’s algorithm will be published soon
After the APB episode and the draw, the Macron government promised to do all the transparency in the system of assigning high school students to college.
In 2016, the association rights of the students had threatened to bring to justice the “opacity” of the PDB algorithm, forcing the Ministry to clear the prioritization criteria in the post-bin assignment.
The new law on access to university, adopted Thursday, ahead of any claims. The amendment carried by the mathematician and MP (LREM) Cédric Villani plans to publish “the algorithm processing the Parcoursup platform,” accompanied by his “specifications”. So high school students would have all the cards in hand to understand their final assignment? No, denounce several unions, which point to an attempt by the government to protect itself from possible recourse before administrative tribunals. “Parcoursup is a simple platform for managing flows. The real sorting algorithms will be set up locally, in universities, “says Hervé Christofol at Snesup. Yet another amendment, brought on February 7 by the government, puts forward the “necessary protection of the secrecy of the deliberations of the teaching teams in charge of the examination of the candidatures”. Unhappy candidates will be able to ask for individual accounts of the “why” of the refusal, but not how. These “house” algorithms will not be published.